Chardonnay Chardonnay is one of the greatest white grape varieties in the world. Indigenous to the Burgundy region, it is now grown all over the world. It has an incredible array of aromatic components, which emerge in different ways according to the soils and climates where it is grown. If yields are limited to 70/80 quintals/hectare, important and well-structured wines are obtained. Its only weak point is that it is an early-budding variety and therefore it risks damage from springtime frost. The thin berry skin makes the grapes prone to rot. Correct harvesting is extremely important : if harvested late, it produces low-acidity wines.
It is an essential ingredient of the best sparkling wines worldwide and it ages well. Italy boasts a long tradition, especially in the sub-alpine area, in cultivating this grape variety. Today, it is grown almost all over the country with different results. We find excellent Chardonnays in Piedmont, Friuli, Veneto, Trentino, Valle d'Aosta, Tuscany and Sicily. It has a medium-large, unlobed, wavy and smooth textured leaf. The bunch is small-medium, compact, with a cylinder-conical shape, sometimes with two slightly protruding wings. The berry is small, round, greeny-yellow with a thin skin covered with bloom. It ripens in the second half of August.